Track Foreprint and hindprint like narrow split hearts, with pointed end forward. Male prints 3 1/4" (80 mm) long, female 2 3/8" (60 mm) long; walking stride 22–24" (550–600 mm). Tracks are smaller and narrower than those of Elk or Moose, and sometimes not distinguishable from those of White-tailed Deer. Distinctive bounding gait ("stotting"), with all 4 feet coming down together, forefeet printing ahead of hindfeet.
Sign Browse marks, buck rubs, scrapes, bed, and droppings similar to those of White-tailed Deer. Bucks often strip bark from saplings when rubbing velvet from antlers. Twigs bitten off by these deer lack the neat, clipped-off look of twigs taken by rabbits and rodents.
Bed: Often leaves beds of flattened grass where it has slept. Examination often reveals sex: Both urinate upon rising, but doe first steps to one side; buck urinates in middle of bed.
Scat: Droppings are pellets, 1" (25 mm) or less long. Consistency and shape of scat vary with the season (clumps in spring when forage is moist, cylindrical pellets when moisture content of food is low).