Track Cloven prints similar to those of Elk but larger, more pointed; usually more than 5" (125 mm) long; may be 6" (150 mm) long and 4 1/2" (115 mm) wide in a large bull. Lobes somewhat splayed in snow or mud, or when running. Dewclaws often print behind main prints in snow or mud, or when running, lengthening print to 10" (250 mm). Stride 3' 9"–5' 5" (1.15–1.65 m) when walking, more than 8' (2.4 m) when trotting or running.
Sign Browse raggedly torn; thrashed shrubs and trees stripped of bark. May produce a browse line on young conifers in winter. Browsed stems lack clean cut left by rabbits and rodents. Gnaws bark from young trees, especially aspens.
Bed: Often leaves sleeping beds of flattened vegetation, similar to those of other cervids; marked by tracks and droppings.
Wallows: Cleared depressions in ground, 4' (1.2 m) wide, 4' (1.2 m) long, 3–4" (75–100 mm) deep; muddy, smelling of urine, marked with tracks.
Scat: Chips or masses when feeding on aquatic plants and lush grasses. Pellets, more oblong than Elk's, 1 1/2–1 3/4" (40–45 mm) long, sometimes round, when feeding on woody browse. Pale, resembling compressed sawdust, when feeding on woody winter browse.
Trails: Wider and deeper than those of smaller cervids; Moose are more likely to detour around obstructions.