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Northern Parula Parula americana


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Northern Parula, male
credit: Dan Pancamo/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Parulidae, Wood Warblers view all from this family

Description ADULT MALE Has mainly blue upperparts with greenish patch on back; note the bold white wing bars and white "eyelids." Underparts are mostly yellow, with blue and orange breast band, and grading to white on undertail. Lower mandible is yellow and legs are dull orange. ADULT FEMALE Similar to male but less colorful and without breast band. IMMATURE Similar to female, but less colorful.

Dimensions Length: 4 1/2" (11 cm)

Habitat Common summer visitor (mainly Apr-Aug) to deciduous, coniferous, and mixed forests; favors woodlands of sufficient maturity to have a good growth of epiphytic plants. Winters in Central America.

Observation Tips Easy to see. Singing birds provide the best opportunities for prolonged observation.

Range California, Texas, Eastern Canada, Rocky Mountains, Southwest, Southeast, Great Lakes, New England, Mid-Atlantic, Western Canada, Florida, Plains

Voice Song is a buzzing, squeaky trill; call is a sharp tzip.

Discussion Colorful and distinctive wood-warbler. An active species that often forages high in treetops; this can make getting prolonged views a challenge. Sexes are separable.