Family: Fringillidae, Finches view all from this family
Description ADULT MALE Unmistakable. Has a bright yellow forehead, supercilium, and flanks. Lower back is bright yellow, grading through golden yellow to dull brown on neck and crown. Underparts are golden yellow, flushed bright yellow on flanks. Tail is black and mostly black wings have white secondaries and tertials; these appear as striking panel when perched and in flight. Bill is grayish. ADULT FEMALE Plumage is mostly gray-buff with hint of yellow wash on underparts. Mostly black tail has a white tip and mostly black wings have white bases to inner primaries and edges to tertials. Bill is grayish. JUVENILE Recalls respective-sex adult in terms of patterns; female coloration is like adult female while in male yellow elements of adult plumage are buffy brown.
Dimensions Length: 7 1/2-8 1/2" (19-22 cm)
Habitat Widespread and common in mixed and coniferous forests. Mostly resident although movements south occur in winter. More significant irruptive movements south of usual range occur in some winters.
Observation Tips Visits feeders within range.
Range Mid-Atlantic, California, New England, Southwest, Northwest, Great Lakes, Southeast, Florida, Alaska, Texas, Eastern Canada, Plains, Western Canada, Rocky Mountains
Voice Song is presumed to be a series of pee-irp call notes.
Discussion Plump-bodied finch with a large head and massive, conical bill. Unobtrusive when breeding, but forms noisy flocks in winter. Sexes are dissimilar.