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Yellow-eyed Junco Junco phaeonotus


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Yellow-eyed Junco
credit:  666isMONEY ☮ & Άζ on Flickr/CCSA

© Lang Elliot/ (audio)

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Family: Emberizidae, New World Sparrows view all from this family

Description ADULT Has reddish back and reddish on tertials and greater coverts. Upperparts are otherwise gray, with dark mask surrounding pale eye. Underparts are pale gray, palest on belly and undertail coverts. JUVENILE Recalls adult, but is browner overall and heavily streaked.

Dimensions Length: 5 1/2-6 1/2" (14-17 cm)

Habitat Mainly Mexican species with limited resident range in open coniferous and mixed forests in southern Arizona and New Mexico.

Observation Tips Fairly easy to see, but has restricted range.

Range Southwest

Voice Song is a sweet tsiu'tsiu'tsiu'tsiu followed by a trill; call is a sharp tchht.

Discussion Recalls "Gray-headed" form of Dark-eyed, but eye has yellow iris and rufous on upperparts is more extensive, extending onto wings. Bill is bicolored (dark upper mandible, pale lower one); Dark-eyeds have uniform bills, except for "Red-backed" form whose range overlaps that of Yellow-eyed. Sexes are similar.