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About Bird Types

The species in the Online Field Guide are divided into type categories based on shared characteristics or relationships. A silhouette illustration shows a representative species from each type. The list below tells which species are included in each type category.
Long-legged Waders
herons
egrets
storks
spoonbills
flamingos
bitterns
limpkins
ibises
cranes

Upright-perching Water Birds
auks
murres
puffins
cormorants
anhingas

Duck-like Birds
surface-feeding ducks
diving ducks
stiff-tailed ducks
mergansers
coots
whistling-ducks
geese
swans
pelicans
grebes
loons

Gull-like Birds
gulls
fulmars
shearwaters
albatrosses
terns
skimmers
gannets
boobies
storm-petrels
frigatebirds
skuas
jaegers
tropicbirds

Sandpiper-like Birds
sandpipers
plovers
turnstones
phalaropes
oystercatchers
avocets
stilts
snipes

Chicken-like Marsh Birds
rails
gallinules
jacanas

Upland Ground Birds
woodcocks
quails
partridges
pheasants
grouse
turkeys
roadrunners
chachalacas
nightjars

Owls
true owls
barn owls

Hawk-like Birds
hawks
kites
eagles
ospreys
harriers
caracaras
falcons
vultures

Pigeon-like Birds
pigeons
doves

Swallow-like Birds
swallows
swifts

Tree-clinging Birds
woodpeckers
nuthatches
creepers

Hummingbirds
hummingbirds

Perching Birds
wood warblers
vireos
titmice
cardinals
grosbeaks
buntings
finches
sparrows
orioles
blackbirds
tanagers
flycatchers
meadowlarks
thrushes
mockingbirds
thrashers
shrikes
jays
magpies
becards
kingfishers
gnatcatchers
kinglets
parrots
wrens
waxwings
bulbuls
cuckoos
weaver finches
wagtails
pipits
larks
starlings
crows
ravens
trogons
wrentits
silky flycatchers
dippers
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Abbreviations Used in this Online Field Guide
L = length, W or WS = wingspan
In range descriptions, n = north, s = south, e = east, w = west, and c = central.
 

 

 

2007 eNature.com