Where is the bird?
Birds prefer particular habitat types. Food, places to nest, and shelter from danger are some of the deciding factors. If you're looking for a specific bird, find its favorite habitat or create it yourself.
Few beginning birders realize how specific species can be in their habitat requirements. Knowing habitat preferences greatly increases the chances of finding particular birds. In many cases, habitat alone helps identify species. For example, even if they can barely be seen or heard, blackbirds in northern bogs are almost certain to be Rusties.